I thought maybe most of you would like something for remembrance day. Here are a few facts about World War 1 and the reason behind the day where we all share a minute of silence.
- 1 - Definition: World War 1 was a military conflict lasting from 1914 to 1918 which involved nearly all the biggest powers of the world
- 2 – World War 1 involved 2 opposing alliances – the Allies and the Central Powers
- 3 – The countries of the Allies included Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, United States, Japan, Rumania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal and Montenegro
- 4 – The countries of the Central Powers included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria
- 5 – World War 1 was triggered on 28 June 1914 by the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his pregnant wife Sophie
- 6- Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was the nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the throne of Austria and Hungary
- 7 – The assassination took place in in Sarajevo, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian province of Bosnia and Herzegovina
- 8 - The assassination was planned by a Serbian terrorist group, called The Black Hand and the man who shot Franz Ferdinand and his wife was a Bosnian revolutionary named Gavrilo Princip
- 9 – Causes of World War 1:
- There was a tangle of alliances made between countries, to maintain a balance of power in Europe, which brought about the scale of the conflict
- Bosnian Crisis – Austria-Hungary took over the former Turkish province of Bosnia in 1909 angering Serbia
- Countries were building their military forces, arms and battleships
- Countries wanted to regain lost territories from previous conflicts and build empires
- Moroccan Crisis – Germans were protesting in 1911 against the French possession of Morocco
- 10 – Major Leaders of World War 1 included Kaiser Wilhelm II, Tsar Nicholas II, Prince Alexander of Serbia, Sir Edward Grey British Foreign Secretary, President Wilson U.S. President, H. H. Asquith and David Lloyd George
- 11 – WW1 included the first known use of chemical weapons (mustard Gas)
- 12 - The sinking of the Lusitania in 1915 bought the US into the war
- 13 – US entered the war on April 6, 1917
- 14 – 65 million troops were mobilized during WW1
- 15 - more than 9 million troops died
- 16 – more than 21 million troops were wounded
- 17 – 58,000 British soldiers were lost on the first day at the Battle of the Somme
- 18 – Other names for World War 1 include ‘The War to End All Wars’, The War of the Nations and ‘The Great War’
- 19 – By the end of the war there were 250,000 wounded British soldiers who suffered total or partial amputation
- 20 – The U.S. was in the war in actual combat for only seven and a half months during which time 116,000 were killed and 204,000 were wounded.
- 21 – During the course of the War War 1 approx 11% of Frances’s entire population was killed or wounded.
- 22 - Battle of Verdun, 1916, resulted in over a million casualties in ten months.
- 23 – Over 200,000 men died in the trenches of WW1
- 24 – Trenches were infested with millions of rats, frogs and lice
- 25 – 80,000 British troops suffered from shell-shock
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